• dinosaurs save the world

    Consciousness and Genesis 1

    I want to write about my personal theory on the story of creation told in Genesis 1 today, but I can’t think of any interesting or clever way to start the post. So I thought maybe I could find a good joke about creation to use. After looking for awhile I found this little gem:

    A minister, a priest and a rabbi went for a hike one day. It was very hot.
    They were sweating and exhausted when they came upon a small lake.
    Since it was fairly secluded, they took off all their clothes and
    jumped in the water.

    Feeling refreshed, the trio decided to pick a few berries while enjoying
    their “freedom.” As they were crossing an open area, who should come
    along but a group of ladies from town. Unable to get to their clothes in
    time, the minister and the priest covered their privates and the rabbi
    covered his face while they ran for cover.

    After the ladies had left and the men got their clothes back on, the
    minister and the priest asked the rabbi why he covered his face rather
    than his privates. The rabbi replied, “I don’t know about you, but in
    MY congregation, it’s my face they would recognize.”

    Of course that joke has nothing to do with creation, but it’s funny so in my infinite wisdom, I’ve decided that’s what counts. Now . . . moving on to the story of creation.

    One of the oddities of the story of creation in Genesis 1 is that the order in which things were created makes no sense. First there’s day and night and then later, after there was land and plants, but before there were animals, the sun, moon and stars get made. Water was apparently pre-existing and had to be separated from air to make the sky. So on and so forth.

    For creationists, none of this matters because somehow that’s just how God did it. For people who run a wee bit deeper and wider than that, both logic and science say that it couldn’t have happened like that. Those who reject religion say the creation story is just something people made up to explain the world and really means nothing. Christians who don’t blasphemously reject the evidence of God’s own creation in favor of man’s understanding of scripture figure the point of the story is that God made everything, he made it with purpose and it is good.

    I personally have my own pet theory about why the order of creation is all jumbled up in Genesis 1. Continue reading

  • Fundamentally Flawed Podcast With Rebecca

    I had a chance to chat this afternoon with Alex Botten on his podcast show Fundamentally Flawed regarding the perils and problems with teaching kids literal creationism.  We had fun.  And kind of ripped on advocates of literal creationism.  I hope you will head over and check it out.

    If you are unfamiliar with my ideas regarding evolution and Christianity, I have a page on the blog dedicated to the subject.  It’s under the “Hot Topics” menu and titled “Christianity & Evolution”.  Included on the page are posts like “Why Creationism Doesn’t Honor God“, “I Love Evolution, a Christian Perspective“, “In Which I Call Creationism Demonic“, “Raising Christian Evolutionists” and more.

    -Rebecca

  • So, What’s the Deal With Adam and Eve? Part 2

    The Creation of Eve 12-13th Century Mosaic Monreale Cathedral, Sicily

    So, it’s been light blogging because I’ve been recovering from having my gallbladder removed last weekend.  And percocet makes me mean.  So I’ve been applying the adage my boys have heard 1 times a day since they learned to speak: “It is better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to open your mouth and remove all doubt.”

    But I’m off the dope and wanted to get back to our earlier discussion on Adam and Eve.  (To understand this discussion, I suggest reading What’s the Deal With Adam and Eve? Part 1 first.)  When we left off, Adam had determined that there was no gibbon that tickled his fancy and God put him into a deep sleep.  Then God took a rib from Adams side, closed the spot with flesh and fashioned woman. 

    A few things here.  The man is put into a deep sleep.  This can certainly mean simply that Adam was unconscious.  Under full anesthesia, if you will.  However, because we are also reading the story as an allegory, it can be informative to go a little deeper.  When we sleep, we are still alive.  We are not aware of what is going on in the physical world, but we dream.  Our brains are busy doing clean-up work that can not be tended to when we’re busy using it while awake.  And often we wake up and remember none of it.  If we do, as often as not, we’re left with an impression which is more emotion than anything and hard to put into words.  Continue reading

  • So, What’s the Deal With Adam and Eve? Part 1

    Facepalm. Words. They fail.

    I am fascinated with the creation stories.  I have mentioned before that it was the habit of ancient Hebrews to meditate by holding two thoughts which seem opposed together in your head at once.  I may have also mentioned that I have both a very high regard for scripture and I value science as a tool for understanding how God’s other testimony – creation – works.  Which right there creates a conflict which many people think they can make go away by picking the side that makes sense to them and hanging out there.  But I always figured that if God made the world (which I believe he did) and scripture is true (which I believe it is – in all sorts of surprising ways) and science was saying something different, God had an answer.  And not like, “well I only made the earth look billions of years old in order to see if you would trust me enough to think it’s really 6000 years old.”  A real answer.  Two true things cannot contradict one another.  If they are in conflict, it doesn’t mean one is right and the other is wrong.  It means we don’t understand them well enough yet.

    So with this as my mindset, I set out holding these two ideas – biblical creation and the evidence of science - in my head at the same time and meditating on them.  Continue reading

  • In Which I Call Creationism Demonic

    From “Thinking SciFi”

    “O lord, thou hast searched me, and known me.” (Psalm 139:1)

    Perhaps the most frightening attribute of God is that He knows everything about us. Everything! He has “searched” (literally “penetrated”) us and “known” (“understood”) us. . . Furthermore, He is everywhere around each one of us (vv. 7-10), wherever we are or could be. He fills all space, and there is no escape.

    Go ahead, ask me where I found that quote.  Or even better, how ’bout I up the fun quotient and give you some options. Was it:

    a. A site promoting atheism

    b. A humor site skewering religion 

    c. A devotional piece from the Days of Praise blog put out by a Creationist advocacy group

    I’ll give you a moment to figure it out. . . Oh wait – did I give it away?  Yep, this “be afraid, Be very afraid” moment has been brought to you by none other than The Institute for Creation Research; a highly profitable venerable institution promoting creation “science”.  The very same people whom a federal judge recently said  are “entirely unable to file a complaint which is not overly verbose, disjointed, incoherent, maundering and full of irrelevant information.” Good to see our tax dollars hard at work there, eh?

    This upsets me.  My opinions about the theological viability of creationist interpretations aren’t something I’m shy about.  I truly believe that it’s demonic.  Whether you understand that to be a metaphor for our ability to create and perpetuate evil or as satan whispering in your ear, the answer is the same; it is demonic.  Continue reading

  • drop-of-water-on-a-blade-of-grass-thumb5544980

    I Love Evolution! (A Christian’s Perspective)

    One of the primary purposes of creation is supposed to be to provide a testimony of who God is.  It’s a shame that so many religious people fail to get that.  But for anyone who cares to look, the details which emerge are amazing.  They are amazing in their own right, but they are also amazing because these details are ones that God put in place.  Every physical reality points us to a spiritual truth. (Coming later this week – a blog post on The Theology of Poop! Subscribe now!)

    Interestingly, the set of details which religious people are most likely to insist aren’t there – evolution – points us to those spiritual truths which are pretty much completely lacking in most people’s theology as well.  Like growth.  Like getting down to tiny details.  Like knowing that survival relies on adapability and that life is moved forward by mutations, not preseved by purity.

    I love the elegance of evolution.  Have you ever looked closely at a blade of grass?  It’s ridged.  That helps to channel water towards the ends of the blade so it will fall to the ground and water the plant.  It’s why grass can grow so close together and part of what made grass successful in places where trees and mosses can’t thrive. It’s so purposeful.

    Evolution creates these neat little puzzles to work out.  (people love puzzles!  Wasn’t that nice of God to put that in there?)  Why are panda’s black and white?  Could it be related to their baby’s vulnerability?  Maybe just like with human babies they are attracted to black and white, so the babies with black and white parents were more likely to respond and survive.  Maybe we’re just making stuff up, but if we really want, we can run experiments and see if  we’re right!  Ooooo – what kind of experiment?  This is fun!  Why on God’s green earth would you want to deprive your children of the opportunity to learn this way of seeing and interacting with the world?  Because you didn’t come from no monkeys?  Well, sorry Sparky, but you’re not in charge here.  If God wanted your great to the kajillionth generation grandmother to be part monkey on her father’s side, then so be it.  Who are you to tell him otherwise?

    The spiritual implications of the systems and methods of evolution are fascinating.  Think of all the references to the cycles of nature illuminating deep spiritual truths (seasons changing, grain falling to the ground and dying, etc).  As we understand the way God works in creation with more and more precision we will have new insights into how God works spiritually as well.

    The ancient Hebrew way of meditating was to take two seemingly conflicted things, hold them together in one’s mind until they started making sense together.  If God is love and creation reflect’s his handiwork, what does it mean to live in a world with predators?  What exactly is God’s relationship with creation if he was able to make a good creation by setting loose a set of rules, principles and material rather than by directing it like a construction foreman?  These are fascinating questions, I think.

    Evolution doesn’t deny scripture and scripture doesn’t deny evolution.  (How can reality deny reality?)  But evolution sure does make it clear that we don’t understand it as well as we think we do.  Which is hardly a bad thing.  Spirituality is still in the dark ages in a lot of ways.  Why wouldn’t we want to understand things better, more accurately, more deeply than we do now?  It’s done a world of good in the physical world.  Perhaps its time for the spiritual world to start catching up.  Make our own evolutionary lead forward.

     

  • creationism

    Why Creationism Does Not Honor God

    I’m going to start my day by ticking people off!

    Just let me say at the outset that I am not saying that people who hold a belief in what is called “biblical creationism” do not honor God.  They may or may not.  But the belief system itself does not honor God.  Why?  Because it denies the work of God’s own hands.  The creation is very important to God.  “It is good,” was his judgement on it.  Scriptures tell us that the created world speaks so clearly of the reality of God that even those who have never heard the name of Christ can be judged because of the truth that it proclaims.

    Today we are very privileged to live in a time when people who do not even know our savior are dedicating all the days of their lives to studying the work of His hands.  What have they discovered?  That mountains really do bow down.  They just take a really long time to do it.  That rocks when studied proclaim the glory of a God whose creation has been unfolding in ways both mysterious and wonderful for longer than man can fathom.  That the very atoms of our bodies come from dust – dust of the ground and dust of exploding stars and the dust that the stars and planets formed from.  Over and over, these scientists who study how creation works are explaining the physical realities behind the poetic descriptions given to people so long ago.  It is truly amazing how accurate these poetic descriptions often are.  The writers of the bible had no way of knowing that mountains really do rise up and then get eroded away.  They didn’t know about great banks of moisture traveling over the surface of the earth which when full, spill their water to the surface – like the water jars of heaven that the bible mentions.  They didn’t know that rocks contain the secret history of the earth and the records of life growing and evolving here.  Yet somehow, Jesus knew that they could proclaim the glory of God even if no one else would.

    But then we get to evolution.  This is where many Christians lose it.  First of all, many Christians have bought into the idea that if evolution is true, it discredits God as creator and our special place in the universe.  Which is absurd.  If evolution is true, it is because God made it true.  Who are we to tell God how he may and may not create his own universe and the creatures who bear his image?  Who are we to deny the evidence of God’s own creation by insisting, “well, I read your book and as I understood it, it says you did it this way – not the way that your creation points to you making it.”  Doesn’t that just sound ridiculous?  It’s our understanding of scripture that is flawed, not the testimony of creation!

    Many Christians will point to scientists and their faithlessness as a reason to disbelieve what God’s creation is telling us.  But I challenge any believer to take a closer look at creationist materials.  They are filled from start to back with dishonest representations of the work that these scientists are doing.  Take any argument and look to see the scientific response to it and the dishonesty of these materials starts to take shape.  A very basic example: does evolution rely on random accidents?  That is one of the claims used to discredit evolution, but it is very far from the truth of what evolution has found.  I wrote a bit about this elsewhere, but the mutations evolution depends on are far from random.  Irreducible complexity only makes sense if you don’t understand the parts life has to work with.  The basic materials of life fit together in such a way that scientists are beginning to think that life is almost inevitable.  Just like snowflakes naturally form because of the shape of water molecules, the basic structures which the most primative forms of life depend on seem to be the natural result of the way that various materials come together.

    If you really believe that the creationist materials which claim to refute evolution scientifically are reliable, I have a challenge for you.  Look up the references they offer.  See what the original source material says and judge for yourself how accurately it has been represented.  If there is a quote from a scientist, see if it was pulled out of context in such a way that its meaning has been lost.  See what the scientist has to say about his or her work and what it means.  Creationist materials rely heavily on deception and count on those who are using it not to challenge or dig into its claims.  Our God is a God of truth and this reliance on deception is not His way.  And this reliance on dishonesty is pervasive among those who claim to be able to show the truth of “biblical creationism”.  In the infamous Dover PA case regarding teaching intelligent design, it was easily shown that the ID text book was simply a creationist text tweaked to remove explicit references to God.  The whole argument of the intelligent design proponents was that ID was not the same thing as biblical creationism, and yet they were so arrogant and so dishonest that they simply took a creationist text and modified it a bit. I have even heard proponents of creationism claim that God only made it appear that the world was billions of years old and that life arose from the process of evolution as a test of our faith.  These people are willing to make God himself into a liar in order to protect their own understanding! These people claim to be serving God, but the god of their own imagining is a liar who depends on other liars to protect him.  There is a father of lies, but it’s not God.

    As to the actual words of the creation story, we need to remember who it was given to: people who didn’t know what a billion was or what an atom or dna or a virus or sperm was.  Would we have preferred that God waited until our scientific knowledge caught up to the physical reality before making himself known to humanity.  Even within the story itself, there are signs pointing to a more complicated reality.  There are two different creation stories, for one.  A lot of it is vague – what is the light and the dark that God created?  And did it really not occur to God that Adam would need some way to reproduce until he decided to make Eve?  Which is not to disparage the creation stories in any way.  I’m personally fascinated by them.  I have been meditating on them for a good 20 years now and will probably continue trying to figure out what they have to tell us for many years to come.  It’s a shame that the story of the creation and fall have been treated so shallowly because they contain puzzles worthy of the greatest minds.

    I have been upset for years over “biblical creationism” because of the bad fruit it produces.  Many of the scientists that Christians like to disparage (which is NOT loving) do not believe in God because of creationism.  It keeps people from knowing God.  Creationism breeds lies and liars.  It trashes the church’s testimony.  No one sees Christians denying the reality of creation and is inspired to follow God.  It keeps people hanging onto a simplistic, immature view of God as a genie who goes “poof” and makes things happen.  It puts God on our timeline and not His own.  Having to wait on God makes much more sense when you consider that God normally works over the course of billions of years and not minutes and hours.  Creationism discredits holy scripture by trying to make it into a history book rather than the record of the revelation of God to his people.  When we insist that scripture says something that is obviously untrue, people will no longer see any reason to take it seriously.

    Often creationists try to claim that by standing up for “truth”, they are honoring God.  But if there’s anything that comes naturally to us humans it is refusing to admit when we are wrong.  Those who hold onto this very human, flawed understanding of what the scriptures say about creation aren’t being brave and faithful to God.  They are simply doing what we humans are always doing – trying to substitute our own ideas about how things should work for God’s and stubbornly refusing to be corrected.  God’s creation is telling us how He created life.  Denying this testimony does not honor God in any way.

    Of course, our scientific understanding is incomplete and mistakes get made.  But the fundamentals have been being worked out for a long time now.  The evidence keeps mounting.  Mysteries keep getting solved.  It is well past time for people of faith to take a real interest in what is being found.  This is the work of our God’s hands and he has told us that it testifies to His ways and his truth. What we really need is a new theology that doesn’t deny the reality of creation, but uses it to understand the sort of God we serve.  That is what would honor God, I believe.  But we need more and more people who are willing to let go of their own understanding and love both God and his creation to lead the way.

    It’s been a while, but I have written on this topic before:

    Raising Christian Evolutionists

    Teaching Creationism or ID? A Formula For Putting Your Child’s Faith at Risk

    Ancient Hebrews and Creation

    Disproving ID: Unlocking the secrets of cells

    In Which I Call Creationism Demonic

  • The Platypus and Evolution

    For people who are interested in these things, there is a fascinating article in the Washington Post about the genetic code of the platypus.  Scientists just finished mapping the odd animal’s DNA and not too surprisingly, it’s odd.  What is particularly useful about this is that scientists have been able to map segments of the platypus’ genetic code which are similar to those found in birds, mammals and reptiles.  Over the ages, and at crucial times in the evolution of life, there were probably many transitional animals bearing the imprint of multiple orders of animals.  We are just lucky to have this one living example to give us a peak at how it worked itself out.

    One of the things which I also found interesting about the article is that it repeatedly refers to evolution in anthropomorfic terms.  Evolution is referred to as trying things out, working out how to do something, deciding, etc.  One of the things which people often do not realize is that evolution is not nearly as random or unintelligent as it is sometimes portrayed.  For example, we know that there are genetic sequences which can cause similar but different outcomes in different animals, depending on how it is tweaked.  For example, the platypus makes milk which is a variation on a milky substance which its ancestors made to keep their leathery eggs from drying out.  In other animals, we see that light sensing cells can evolve into organs which detect electrical currents.  So rather than being a completely random process, evolution seems to have given life genetic sequences which act something like one of those tool kits with the different bits and sockets that can be changed out.  The basic genetic sequence is about the same, but can be easily modified to fit different needs.  This would accelerate the process of evolution as slight mutations in these genetic sequences are far more likely to be useful than completely random mutations spread over the entire genetic sequence.

    Anyhow, there’s your science lesson for the day.  Hopefully I didn’t mangle it too badly.  :)

  • “Expelled” Exposed

    The National Center for Science Education has put together a website to respond to the new pro-Intelligent Design movie “Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed”. It is called Expelled Exposed. I have to say that red flags were raised for me when I heard a podcast about the movie based on this premise:

    Have you ever noticed that Christians are fine with having God and science coexist? In fact, Christians see scientific discoveries as strengthening their faith precisely because they reveal the marvel of the world. So why is it that so many scientists seem to hate the idea of God so much?”

    Um, yeah. Loonies like Richard Dawkins aside, suffice it to say that this has not been my experience of the “conflict” between Christians and science. I have already made known my stance on creationism and intelligent design.

    Part of my problem with creationism and intelligent design has always been the dishonesty used to sustain the argument against evolution. I suppose it isn’t too surprising to see that this dishonesty isn’t limited misrepresenting main stream science and scientists. It turns out that many of the stories used in the movie to demonstrate this supposed intolerance for alternative views are misrepresentations as well.

    For example, one scientist featured in the movie, Richard Sterberg, claimed that after using his position as editor of a small scientific journal to publish a pro-intelligent design article, he was fired from his post as editor, forced out of his office at the Smithsonian, and made to turn in his keys which gave him access to the Smithsonian’s specimin collection which he needed in order to do his work. Turns out that he had put in notice 6 months prior at the journal, had to move offices along with everyone else in his work area as part of an office re-arrangement and needed to turn in his keys so he could be issued a key card that would work with the new security system. Continue reading

  • Raising Christian Evolutionists

    A couple of weeks ago I wrote a post on why parents who teach their children creation science or intelligent design in a way which elevates those teachings to a fundamental of the Christian faith are putting their children’s long term spiritual well being at risk.  In the comments on that post (which were remarkably civil for this topic BTW, thank you to all who commented!), someone asked how I teach my kids to be faithful Christians while also accepting the science of evolution and geology and such.  I think this is a good question and figured I would share how it works in our house. 

    The first thing I tell my kids is that God is always willing to meet us where we are.  He doesn’t wait for us to get it all together or have a good grasp of life to reach out and reveal himself to us.  Thousands of years ago the ancient Hebrews had no numbers for billions.  They did not know what elements or atoms or DNA were.  They did not know where sickness came from or what the stars were.  It would have been literally impossible for them to understand a universe which was billions of years old, stars made out of burning gas shining many billions of light years away.  They could not have comprehended that life was composed of atoms linked together into molecules which linked together to make macromolecules which worked together to create all the tissues, fluids and such of the human body.  They could not have comprehended what DNA does, how it replicates itself, how it gets passed down from generation to generation while various mutations occur which can, over time beyond their words to even name, result in a diversity of life they weren’t even aware of. 

    In other words, it would have been impossible for the one true God to reveal his role in and purpose for creation to the ancient Hebrews in a way which reflected the scientific reality of this amazing creation.  Continue reading